Benin republic dating
The Songhai Empire also occupied part of the region.
Lagos was captured by British forces in 1851 and formally annexed in 1861. Colonization lasted until 1960, when an independence movement succeeded in gaining Nigeria its independence.
Buhari was overthrown and a new republic was founded in August 1993, but was dissolved once again by General Sani Abacha in November that same year.
Abacha died in 1998 and a fourth republic was later established the following year, ending three decades of intermittent military rule.
In the south, hunting and gathering gave way to subsistence farming around the same time, relying more on the indigenous yam and oil palm than on the cereals important in the North.
An example of one of the civilizations that settles in Nigeria is the Nri Kingdom.
Islam reached Nigeria through the Hausa States during the 11th century.