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Metamorphic rocks are not always easy to date using radio-isotopes.
Results obtained usually signify the "date" of the metamorphism, but they may also yield the "age" of the original volcanic (or sedimentary) rock.
It is also claimed that the original basalt lavas were erupted between 17 Ma, based on U-Pb dating of "original" zircon grains in metamorphosed felsic (granitic) volcanic layers within the Brahma and Rama Schists.
Twenty-seven Brahma amphibolite samples were collected from various Inner Gorge outcrops as part of the RATE (Radioisotopes and the Age of The Earth) project.
These are former sedimentary and volcanic strata that have been transformed by heat and pressure, possibly during the intense upheavals when the dry land was formed on Day 3 of Creation Week.
Among these metamorphosed volcanic strata are amphibolites, belonging to the Brahma Schist.
In Grand Canyon, the "date" of metamorphism of the basalt lavas to form these Brahma amphibolites has been determined as 1690-1710 Ma (million years ago), based on U-Pb dating of minerals in the overlying Vishnu Schist and underlying Rama Schist that formed during the metamorphism.
Both laboratories use standard, best-practice procedures on state-of-the-art equipment.