In 1868 a Russian settlement was founded on the fortress's spot, under its original name, Pishpek.
It lay within the General Governorship of Russian Turkestan and its Semirechye Oblast.
Free mobile sexting and erotica chat apps
On 4 September 1860, the fortress was destroyed by Russian forces led by colonel Zimmermann, with the approval of the Kyrgyz.
North of the city, a fertile and gently undulating steppe extends far north into neighboring Kazakhstan. Bishkek is connected to the Turkestan-Siberia Railway by a spur line.
Bishkek is situated at an altitude of about 800 meters (2,600 ft), just off the northern fringe of the Kyrgyz Ala-Too range, an extension of the Tian Shan mountain range.
These mountains rise to a height of 4,855 meters (15,928 ft) and provide a spectacular backdrop to the city.
datingcafe test de
The province surrounds the city, although the city itself is not part of the province, but rather a province-level unit of Kyrgyzstan.According to post-Soviet research, the name is thought to derive from a Kyrgyz word for a churn used to make fermented mare's milk (kumis), the Kyrgyz national drink, although not all sources agree on this.