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Unlike comparable museums in continental Europe, the National Gallery was not formed by nationalising an existing royal or princely art collection.It came into being when the British government bought 38 paintings from the heirs of John Julius Angerstein, an insurance broker and patron of the arts, in 1824.Wilkins's building was often criticised for the perceived weaknesses of its design and for its lack of space; the latter problem led to the establishment of the Tate Gallery for British art in 1897.The Sainsbury Wing, an extension to the west by Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown, is a notable example of Postmodernist architecture in Britain.The late 18th century saw the nationalisation of royal or princely art collections across mainland Europe.After that initial purchase the Gallery was shaped mainly by its early directors, notably Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, and by private donations, which comprise two-thirds of the collection. The present building, the third to house the National Gallery, was designed by William Wilkins from 1832 to 1838.
Its collection belongs to the public of the United Kingdom and entry to the main collection is free of charge.It is among the most visited art museums in the world, after the Musée du Louvre, the British Museum, and the Metropolitan Museum of Art.The current Director of the National Gallery is Gabriele Finaldi.The Raising of Lazarus by Sebastiano del Piombo, from the collection of John Julius Angerstein.
This became the founding collection of the National Gallery in 1824.
The painting has the accession number NG1, making it officially the first painting to enter the Gallery.