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Most Reform Jews suggest that since intercourse involved possession (one of the ways in which a man ‘acquired’ a wife was to have intercourse with her), similar to the Christian theology of using sex to 'consummate' a marriage, it was abhorrent that a man might acquire another man – it is not the act of homosexual intercourse itself which is abhorrent, but using this act to acquire another man and therefore confuse the gender boundary.
In 2004 the Society for Humanistic Judaism issued a resolution supporting "the legal recognition of marriage and divorce between adults of the same sex," and affirming " the value of marriage between any two committed adults with the sense of obligations, responsibilities, and consequences thereof." Reform Judaism interprets Leviticus as forbidding men from using sex as a form of ownership over men.
Reform Jewish authors have revisited the Leviticus text and ask why the text mentions that one should not lie with a man “as with a woman.” If it is to be assumed that the Torah does not waste words, the authors ask why the Torah includes this extra clause.
The Kohen Gadol (high priest) must also not marry a widow (Lev. Sexual relations with a widow are also forbidden (Lev. (Leviticus specifically prohibits such relationships with one's father or uncle.) Conservative Judaism's Committee on Jewish Law and Standards has validated different approaches to homosexuality and bisexuality, with one opinion being alike the Orthodox position in many respects and another opinion permitting many forms of homosexual sex and relationships while continuing to regard anal intercourse between men as prohibited.
In June 2012, the American branch of Conservative Judaism formally approved same-sex marriage ceremonies in a 13-0 vote.
It is forbidden for a man to have sexual relations with a married woman not his wife.(Leviticus , ) A man is not allowed to have sexual relations with a woman—including his wife—during and after her menstrual period (Leviticus ), until after she undergoes the proper cleansing procedures in a mikveh. Sexual relation with certain close relations are forbidden.