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The 39th and 40th were reorganized as the 24th Infantry Regiment, with headquarters at Fort Clark, Texas, in April 1869.
All of these units were composed of black enlisted men commanded by both white and black officers.
After the war, Congress reorganized the Army and authorized the formation of two regiments of black cavalry with the designations 9th and 10th U. Cavalry, and four regiments of black infantry, designated the 38th, 39th, 40th, and 41st Infantry Regiments (Colored).
The 38th and 41st were reorganized as the 25th Infantry Regiment, with headquarters in Jackson Barracks in New Orleans, Louisiana, in November 1869.
Randall managed to scramble to safety behind a washout under the railroad tracks, where he fended off the attack with only his pistol and 17 rounds of ammunition until help from the nearby camp arrived.The Cheyenne beat a hasty retreat, leaving behind 13 fallen warriors. This nickname was given to the "Negro Cavalry" by the Native American tribes they fought in the Indian Wars. Sources disagree on how the nickname "Buffalo Soldiers" began. 10th Cavalry Regiment of the United States Army, formed on September 21, 1866 at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
Private Randall suffered a gunshot wound to his shoulder and 11 lance wounds, but recovered.
The Cheyenne quickly spread word of this new type of soldier, "who had fought like a cornered buffalo; who like a buffalo had suffered wound after wound, yet had not died; and who like a buffalo had a thick and shaggy mane of hair.":) During the Civil War, the U. government formed regiments known as the United States Colored Troops, composed of black soldiers and Native Americans.