Violence and commitment a study of dating couples
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines intimate partner violence as "...any behaviour within an intimate relationship that causes physical, psychological or sexual harm to those in the relationship, including acts of physical aggression, sexual coercion, psychological abuse and controlling behaviors." The most extreme form of such violence may be termed intimate terrorism, coercive controlling violence, or simply coercive control, which is where one person is violent and controlling; this is generally perpetrated by men against women, and is the most likely of the types to require medical services and the use of a women's shelter.Couples may be dating, cohabiting or married and violence can occur in or outside of the home.
It was also found that women's physical violence was more likely motivated by self-defense or fear while men's was motivated by control.
A 2011 systematic review from the journal of Trauma Violence Abuse also found that the common motives for female on male domestic violence were anger, a need for attention, or as a response to their partner's own violence.